Efịk Waec Syllabus

Below is this years Waec Syllabus for Efịk. Note that this syllabus is for both internal and external candidates.

Aims and Objectives

  • To enable candidates to speak, read and write Efịk properly and communicate effectively in it
  • To familiarize them with the sound system, grammatical structures and other features of the Efịk language
  • To expose the candidates to Efịk culture – customs, institutions, worldview, etc
  • To provide them with the necessary tools needed for creative writing and appreciation of the Efịk language and literature.

Scheme of Examination

The rubrics shall be written in Efịk. Candidates will be required to answer all the questions in Efịk using the standard orthography and Metalanguage.

The subject will consist of two papers, Papers 1 and 2, both of which will make a composite paper and will be taken at one sitting.

PAPER 1:   Objective (1 hour)

This paper will consist of three sections, Sections A, B and C, as follows:

SECTION A: Language

SECTION B: Literature

SECTION C: Culture

The paper will contain a total of sixty multiple-choice objective questions distributed as follows:

 Section A on Language will contain thirty questions distributed as follows:

Comprehension (2 short passages)                                                      – 10 items

Composition/Letter writing                                                                –   4 items

Sound system                                                                                      –   4 items

Word and sentence structure                                                              –   8 items

Translation                                                                                          –   4 items

30 items

Section B on Literature will also contain twenty-two questions distributed as follows:

Basic Principles of Literary Appreciation                                           –   4 items

Oral Literature            –

Prose   –          3 items Poetry  –         3 items       Drama –          3 items  –   9 items

Written Literature       –

Prose   –        3 items   Poetry  –          3 items       Drama –           3 items  –   9 items

In this section, all questions other than those on Basic Principles of Literary Appreciation will be based on the set books for Paper 2.

Section C on Culture will contain the remaining eight questions, which will be distributed as follows:

Customs                                                                                              –   4 items

Institutions                                                                                          –   4 items

8 items

The paper will carry 60 marks.

PAPER 2: This will be an essay test having three sections, Sections A, B and C on Language, Literature and Culture, respectively. Candidates will be required to answer six questions in all; three from Section A, two from Section B, and one from Section C—in 2 hours for 100 marks. The rubrics shall be written in Efịk.

Detailed Efịk Syllabus

Section A: Language

  1. Composition/Letter Writing

    Candidates are advised to write about 300 words and spend not more than 45 minutes on this section. The topics chosen will include any of the following essay types:

    • Narrative
    • Descriptive
    • Argumentative
    • Expository
    • Dialogue
    • Debate
    • Letter writing
    • Sound System

Section B: Literature

  1. This section will consist of questions from the setbooks for Oral and Written Literature.There will be one question on each of the three setbooks for Oral Literature and the three for Written Literature, making a total of six questions. Candidates will be required to answer two questions out of  the six, i.e one on Oral Literature and one on Written Literature.

  2. Oral Literature
    • Prose (Folktales, legends, proverbs, riddles, etc)
    • Poetry (songs, ballads)
    • Drama (Traditional drama)
  3. Written Literature

    In Written Literature, there will be three textbooks covering the different genres. One question will be set from each setbook and candidates will be required to answer any one of the three questions.

Section C: Culture

  1. Edu Uwem (customs)
    • Mme ubọk utom
    • ukọ iyak
    • utọ inwaṅ
    • unyam urua
    • utom usọ
    • Ukpep nti edu uwem ye mme ufon mmọ – (Good upbringing and its benefits)
      • Udia ye edu utem/unam udia nte
    • enamde kadi
    • enamdi fufu
    • ebokde mme efere
    • etemde ekpaṅ ṅkukwọ
    • uduọk mmịn – Libation
  2. Nsionsio nka (Different Institutions)
    1. Nsionsio nka (Different Institutions)
    • Ubon/ekpuk – (family)
    • Usuṅ edade ebọk nditọ
    • Edu ukpono/se ekponode – (Worship)
    • Abasi
    • Ndem
    • Ibọk
    • Mbukpo
    • Mme nke (Proverbs)
    • Mme nke etopdetop
    • Ubọṅ
    • Mme ndedịbe nka ke Efịk (Secret Society)


  1. Oral Literature
    • Inyah Abasi Ndem by E.N. Amaku
    • mutanda oyom Namondo by E.E. Nkana
    • Nkpon Udan by Essien et al.
  2. Written Literature
    • Asibon Edem by E.A. Edyang
    • Edikot nwed mbuk 6 by E.N Amaku
    • Nkpasip nkpo Kiet by Essien et al
  3. Culture
    • Mme ukpepnkpo iko Efik by Akpayun, O.A
    • Efik Eburutu: Mme ido ye edu uwem by Amkau, E.N
  4. Grammar
    • Mbet usem Efik ye ubet nke efik by Amaku E.N
    • Nti edu ukpepnkpo ndito Efik by Akpanyun, O.A et al
    • Mme ukpepnkpo iko Efik by Akpanyun, O.A et al
    • Fonetik Efik: Nwed ukpepnkpo abanake mme uyom iko Efik by Ansa, S.A, Asuquo, I. B. and Essien-Eyo, Ako
    • A study of Efik for Schools and Colleges by Akpanyun, O. A.
  5. Reference Texts
    • A learners dictionary of Efik language by Aye, E.U
    • English-Efik dictionary by Adams R. F. G., Akaduh, E. and Abia-Bassey, O.
    • Efik Language course by Ekefre, N. U.
    • Efik Metalanguage by NERDC
    • Ettiti ibat by Grace Davis

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