Data Processing Waec Syllabus

Below is this years Waec Syllabus for Data Processing. Note that this syllabus is for both internal and external candidates.

Aims and Objectives

  • acquisition of basic skills in data processing and management
  • level of competence in ICT applications that will promote the acquisition of entrepreneurial skills for everyday living in the global world
  • knowledge of the application of ICT in facilitating business transactions and education
  • preparedness for further studies in data processing and management

Scheme of Examination

There will be two papers, Papers 1 and 2, both of which shall be taken as a composite paper at one sitting.


will consist of forty multiple-choice objective questions, all of which are to be answered in 1 hour for 40 marks.


will consist of two sections: Sections A and B. Candidates will be required to answer five questions in all.

Section A:

will consist of four essay questions. Candidates will be required to answer any three in 1 hour for 30 marks.

Section B:

will be a test of practical work. It shall consist of two compulsory essay questions to be answered in 1 hour for 40 marks.

Detailed Data Processing Syllabus


  1. History of Computers
    • Computing devices
    • Concept of the Number System in Computing
    • Generations of Computer:
      • first,
      • second,
      • third,
      • fourth, and
      • fifth generations of computer
  2. Data and Information
    • Definition of data and information.
    • Types of Data.
    • Ways of handling data.
    • Definition of Data.
    • Digitalization.

Basic Computing

  1. Classification of Computers
    • Classify computers by
      • Type
      • Size, and
      • Usage.
  2. Application of ICT in everyday life
    • Uses of ICT in everyday activities.
    • Impact of ICT in society
  3. Components of Computers
    • Input Devices.
    • Output Devices.
    • System Unit.
    • Storage Devices

Information Processing

  1. The art of Information processing
    • Definition of Information Processing.
    • Steps involved in Information Processing

Information Transmission

  1. Process of Information transmission
    • Definition of information transmission.
    • Methods of transmitting the information
  2. Medium of Information Transmission
    • Types of Information Transmission.
    • Classification of means of transmission
  3. Networking
    • Meaning of networking, internet, and intranet.
    • Types of Networking. The significance of networking should be mentioned
  4. Internet
    • Definition of the Internet.
    • Benefits of the Internet
    • Internet browsers
    • Internet security
    • Abuse of the Internet

Tools for Processing Information

  1. Operating System
    • Definition of Operating System.
    • Types of Operating Systems.
    • Examples of Operating System.
    • Functions of Operating System.
  2. Word Processing
    • Definition of Word Processing.
    • Uses of Word Processing
    • Examples of word Processing software.
    • Starting, loading and exiting word processing
    • Creating, saving and retrieving documents Candidates should be able to make use of word processor to create and manipulate documents
  3. Spreadsheet
    • Definition.
    • Uses.
    • Examples of Spreadsheet Applications.
    • Loading and exiting spreadsheets.
    • Creating, saving and retrieving Spreadsheet files
  4. Database Management System
    • Definition.
    • Uses.
    • Examples of database applications.
    • Loading and exiting DBMS.
    • Creating, saving, and retrieving database files.
  5. Presentation Package
    • The definition uses examples.
    • Loading and exiting Presentation programs.
    • Creating, saving and retrieving presentation files
  6. Web Design Packages
    • Definition.
    • Uses.
    • Components.
    • Examples. Designing web pages is not required.
  7. Graphic Packages
    • Definition.
    • Uses of Graphic software packages.
    • Examples of graphic packages. The focus should be placed on Corel Draw


  1. Maintenance of Computer
    • General Cleaning.
    • Battery charging and replacement for portable systems and UPS.
    • DVD drive lens cleaning.
    • Details of hardware maintenance.
    • Details of software maintenance.
    • Computer crash and data recovery
  2. Computer Ethics
    • Computer room management ethics.
    • Laboratory rules and regulations
  3. Safety Measures
    • The sitting arrangement.
    • Positioning of the monitor, keyboard, CPU, mouse, and any other peripheral devices.
    • Illuminating the computer room.
    • Maintaining a dust-free environment.
    • Keep liquid away from the computer room
  4. Career opportunities in Data Processing
    • Professions in computer.
    • Qualities of a good data processing professional.
    • Computer professional bodies.
  5. Computer Virus
    • Definition.
    • Types/Examples.
    • Sources.
    • Signals of virus warning
    • Virus prevention, detection and deletion

Data Management

  1. Relational Model
    • Database and table creation using application packages.
    • Creating relationships between tables
    • Creation of forms, queries and reports.
  2. File Organization
    • Definition of File organization.
    • Types of File organization
  3. Database Security
    • i. Concept of data security, access control and data encryption.
    • Role of a database administrator
  4. Parallel and Distributed databases
    • The basic concept of parallel and distributed databases.
    • Storing data in a distributed database (DBM)



    The table below shows the minimum requirement for a class of fifty candidates.

  2. Pictures/Charts showing different computing devices and other relevant information, such as computers in a network : 5
  3. Computer system with Graphical User Interface (GUI), internet-ready system: 5
  4. Standard software packages such as Open Office, Microsoft Office etc.(The latest version is desirable) : 1
  5. Multimedia systems and applications such as projectors, speakers: 1
  6. Graphic packages such as Corel draw: 1

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